Dementia medications are manufactured to ease the behavioral and cognitive changes that occur during the disease. Along with formulations that specifically target dementia, individuals might also receive prescriptions for drugs that treat accompanying issues. Following are a few commonly prescribed drugs Dayton Alzheimer’s caregivers should be familiar with.
This group of medications is designed to prevent the breakdown and reuptake of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. The chemical is vital for the healthy communication between neurons and plays a major role in memory along with enhancing the ability to maintain focus and practice good judgment. The effectiveness of these medications depends on a patient’s specific type of dementia. In the majority of cases, the preparations prove successful for up to one year before symptoms reappear. The most common side effects reported include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. However, adverse reactions are limited to the first few weeks if they occur. AchE inhibitor formulations include:
- Donepezil, Aricept – used for mild to severe dementia
- Galantamine, Razadyne or Reminyl – treats mild to moderate dementia
- Rivastigmine, Exelon – prescribed for mild to moderate dementia
- Tacrine, Cognex – for mild to moderate dementia
NMDA-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Antagonist
Memantine, also prescribed as Namenda, approaches dementia symptoms differently. The medication prevents the amino acid known as glutamate from attaching to the NMDA receptor sites. Developers believe that the amino acid is in part responsible for the neuron damage associated with dementia. Some studies indicate that prescribing memantine in combination with AchE inhibitor drugs offers more beneficial results for patients who have moderate to severe dementia. In this instance, Namzaric is an option as the preparation contains both memantine and donepezil. Possible side effects of NMDA blocker medications include constipation, dizziness, headaches and increased confusion.
Seniors who live with anxiety, depression, irritability or aggression may additionally receive anti-anxiety, anti-depression or antipsychotic prescriptions to minimize behavioral symptoms. Individuals diagnosed with vascular disorders may receive anticoagulants to prevent the need for Dayton post-stroke care. Sleep disturbance complaints are treated using sedative hypnotic formulations.
When seniors are diagnosed with dementia, it helps to have a trusted Dayton, OH, home care provider by their side. Home Care Assistance in Dayton, OH, provides flexible Alzheimer’s and dementia care that enables seniors to maintain independence while getting the assistance they need to live out their golden years. In addition to reminding seniors to take their medications, our compassionate caregivers also assist seniors with daily tasks such as running errands and personal care. Call 937-353-7997 today to speak to a friendly Care Manager about our unique services and schedule a one-on-one consultation.